The most commonly used medical equipment in hospitalsSound equipment, scalpels, patient monitors, defibrillators, operating tables, wheelchairs and hospital beds. Hospitals and other medical facilities may purchase supplies through a group purchasing organisation or deal directly with distributors or wholesalers, all of whom conduct much of their business over the Internet. The FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health collects data on incidents of adverse events associated with medical devices. To monitor the patient during surgery, an anaesthesia machine uses a number of medical oxygen sensors, as well as a ventilator and a suction device.
The available utilities should be considered when selecting a medical device for non-clinical use. Communication standards for medical devices are essential and several are being developed, but the idea of interoperability remains controversial among device manufacturers, who do not want to share proprietary technologies with competitors. All home caregivers, whether professional or not, must be properly trained to use and maintain the medical devices they will use at home. Durable medical equipment includes medical devices used to support the performance of basic activities of daily living, such as beds, lifts and toileting equipment.
The most common types of medical devices, found in almost every home, are used to administer medicines or provide first aid. The use of equipment allows medical professionals, such as doctors, to assess a patient's medical needs. This requirement has implications for medical device design, user training programmes and ongoing support. The industry also needs better mechanisms for home healthcare users to inform medical device manufacturers about the difficulties and risks associated with the use of devices in the home.
Medical supplies have been identified as one of the largest expenses in most healthcare organisations' budgets, second only to personnel. Depending on the device and procedure, individuals may use medical devices in a private space, such as a bedroom, office or bathroom, or in a public space, such as an aeroplane, theatre or park. It specifies a process for a manufacturer to analyse, specify, design, verify and validate the usability, in relation to the safety of a medical device. General purpose procedure kits, which are still primarily used by healthcare professionals on a patient, contain medical supplies that are routinely used in multiple procedures.